Pacher, T. , Raninger, A., Lorbeer, E. , Brecker, L., But, P.P.-H., Greger, H.
"Alcoholysis of naturally occurring imides: Misleading interpretation of antifungal activities"
Journal of Natural Products (2010), 73, 1389-1393
"The frequent presence of the sulfur-containing amide penangin (10) in leaf extracts of Glycosmis species turned out to be the result of decomposition of imides generated by extraction and storage in MeOH. Reinvestigation of Glycosmis mauritiana and G. cf. puberula with acetone revealed the presence of six imides. In addition to penimides A (1) and B (2) and ritigalin (6), three new derivatives, krabin (4), isokrabin (5), and methoxypenimide B (3), were isolated and identified by spectroscopic methods. All six imides were shown to be susceptible to different rates of methanolic cleavage, leading to their corresponding methyl esters and sulfur-containing amides. Whereas the decomposition products penangin (10), isopenangin (11), and sinharin (14) are known, the corresponding cleavage of methyl N-methylthiocarbamate (7) from ritigalin (6), monitored in situ by 1H NMR spectroscopy, is described here for the first time. Its structure was further confirmed by GC-MS coupling. HPLC-UV comparison of many different samples of G. mauritiana, extracted with MeOH, revealed considerable chemical variations in sulfur-containing amides, strongly correlated with different antifungal potency. The lack of activity of many methanolic crude extracts can be explained by a preponderance of the inactive decomposition product penangin (10), whereas the corresponding naturally occurring imides penimides A (1) and B (2) and methoxypenimide B (3), extracted with acetone, showed high fungitoxic properties."
last update: 2010-11-09 11:50:52