Bernhard, M. , Fasshuber, H. , Robien, W. , Brecker, L. , Greger, H.
"Dopamine-iridoid alkaloids in Carapichea affinis (= Psychotria borucana) confirm close relationship to the vomiting root Ipecac"
Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 2011, 39, 232-235
"Broad-based HPLC-UV comparison of 57 methanolic crude extracts of the Psychotria complex (Rubiaceae), representing about 20 different species collected in Costa Rica, exhibited a clear chemical segregation of Psychotria borucana. In contrast to the more widespread tryptamine-iridoid alkaloids it deviated by an accumulation of dopamine-iridoid alkaloids. Similar to the South American vomiting root Ipecac, Psychotria ipecacuanha (= Cephaelis ipecacuanha), cephaeline and emetine were found together with four related glycosides characterized by various N-acylations. Two glycosides were identified as the known N-acetates ipecoside and 6-O-methylipecoside, whereas the two others represent corresponding N-O-methylcaffeate derivatives from which borucoside was described as a new compound. Structure elucidation of all compounds was carried out by NMR- and MS-analyses supported by CSEARCH-NMR-database system. In addition to morphological characters and analyses of nucleotide sequence variation the chemical profile of P. borucana supported a recent taxonomic rearrangement where it has been grouped together with P. ipecacuanha in a separate genus Carapichea."
last update: 2011-12-16 11:54:39